Corbett National Park was named after a well known personality, James E. Corbett, who dedicated himself to set up the park and spent most of his life in this area. It was honored as the first National park of India. It was renamed in 1957, formerly known as Ramganga National Park. The area advanced in 1991 when the Sonandi Wildlife Sanctuary came into scene.
The park is famous for the rich and varied flora and fauna and has been spread over 520.8 square kms.FLORA
The fauna of the park includes the evergreen Sal (Shorea robusta)and all the associated trees, the Sheesam (Dalbergia sissoo), Kanju (Holoplete integrifolia). The other trees in the park which are extensively found in the ridges like Ber (Zizyphus mauritians), dhak (Butea monosperma) and bael (Aegle marmelos). The other important trees are simal (Bombax cibea), Jhingan (Lannea coromandelica) and Khair (Acacia catechu) that blooms in the spring season that starts just before the summer season. The another floral characteristic of the Corbett national park is the 'Charus' better known as the flat grassy blank of herbs and tall and short grasses which works as the grazing ground for the herbivores.
Mammals :- The Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Dhole, Jackal, Yellow Throated Martem, Himalayan Palm Civet, Indian Grey Mongoose, Common Otter, Porcupine, Clack-taped Hare are most commonly found.
Birds :- The Peacock, Jungle Fowl, partridge, Kaleej Pheasant, crow, vulture, parakeet, Laughing Thrush, oriole, kingfisher, drongo, dove, woodpecker, duck, teal, stork, cormorant and seagull form the species that inhabit the Corbett National Park
Reptiles :- Indian marsh crocodile, gharial, King cobra, common krait, cobra, Russels viper, python and monitor lizard are the common residentials.
Fishes :- Mahaseer, kalimuchi, kalabasu, chilwa and goonch infest the water bodies in the park.
Climate :- There are three well known seasons. November to February are the winters, March to June, summer and it rains the rest of the season. The park is flooded due to the summer rains and the temperature fluctuations in winters can even fall to 4 degrees centigrade. In the summer season, the jungle gets dry due to an extreme rise in temperature i.e. upto 44 degrees centigrade.Roads Which Would Take You There
If you are in Jim Corbett Park, then you can do anything but stay calm and poised. A tours of Jim Corbett National Park is action packed and there are various activities that will be a delight for your memories. The Corbett National Park is located at the foothills of the majestic Himalayas in the state of Uttranchal in India.
Airport :- Phoolbagh, Pantnagar at a distance of 50 km is the nearest airport.
Railways :- Ramnagar is on the broad gauge track from where the road transport options have to be availed to reach the park. For faster trains and connections to other parts of India change at Moradabad.
Road :- Ramnagar is served by frequent buses to and from Nainital and Ranikhet, 112 km north. Delhi Transport corporation also runs semi deluxe services.
The main areas (Dhikala and Bijrani) of James Corbett National Park are closed from 16th June - 14th November for the monsoon season. Jhirna & Sitabani (Buffer Zone) remain opened all year.