History & Culture : India's history goes back almost six thousand years and has passed through many different stages and societies and invasion from outside. Each region of the nation has its own separate history. The nation is gigantic compared to many other lands. Many countries do not require hours of car or train travel, or purchasing airline tickets in order to reach neighboring regions. The size of India, and its rich mix of cultures and religions is staggering. Named after the river Indus, it is heir to one of the world's oldest and richest civilizations and the origin of many of the ideas, philosophies and movements that has shaped the destiny of human kind. One can broadly define different periods of influences in the history of this land, many of which overlap each other. They are classified according to ancient, medieval, British and modern period. India is a vast land of rich cultural heritage. Its arts and crafts, music and dance, architecture and people all make it one of the world's most vibrant nation.
Religions : India as a 'land of religions' is that it is the birthplace of several major world religions. It is home to Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism and several other religious traditions. Hinduism , the dominant faith, is practiced by over 80% of the population. For the majority of Indians, religion permeates every aspect of life, from daily chores to education and politics.
Geography : India shares border to the northwest with Pakistan, to the north with China, Nepal and Bhutan and to the east with Bangladesh and Myanmar. To the west lies the Arabian Sea, to the east the Bay of Bengal and to the south the Indian Ocean. Sri Lanka lies off the southeast coast and the Maldives off the south west coast. The far northeastern states and territories are all but separated from the rest of India by Bangladesh as it extends northwards from the Bay of Bengal towards Bhutan. The Himalayan mountain range to the north and the Indus River (west) and Ganges River (east) form a physical barrier between India and the rest of Asia.
Weather : India has three major seasons: summer, winter and rainy season or the monsoon. The summer months (April-June) are hot in most parts of India. This is the season to visit the summer hill resorts. The winter months (November-March) are pleasant throughout India with bright sunny days. Winter is most severe in the northern plains and in the foothills of Himalayas while the south-eastern and the western zones remain pleasantly cool. The monsoon break at the beginning of June on the south-west coast and gradually break at all parts of the country except south -eastern areas. These areas receive most of the rainfall between mid-October to end December.
Clothing : Casual wear is suitable for travel in India. Light cottons are recommended from spring to autumn. In winter however you will need warm clothing and preferably a wind cheater. Early morning and late evenings are very cold in Rajasthan and few parts of northern India in winters. Society across the sub-continent is still deeply religious and steeped in tradition. Rural India, in particular, is very conservative. It is important to dress modestly to avoid offending local sensibilities and also (especially for women) to avoid being the target of unwanted attention. However, western dresses are big and metro cities.
Passports and Visas : All travelers to India (except nationals of Bhutan and Nepal) must possess a valid passport to enter the country. Similar to this all foreign nationals (except Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh) must require a valid visa. Interested travelers to India must contact Indian Consulate for necessary visa. Visas are not issued on arrival. Special permits are required for travelers who want to visit restricted areas. Normally permits can be issued to groups and for limited number of days. Fr further information Indian missions in particular country can be contacted.
Entry Ports : There are five designated airports in India. Delhi in north, Chennai, Cochin & Trivandrum in south, Mumbai & Goa in west and Kolkata in east. These cities in India can be used as the entry/exit ports by Air.